Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Rhynchosia viscosa, Rhynchosie visqueuse, 粘鹿藿

Rhynchosia viscosa (Roth) DC.
Family: Fabaceae

Synonyms: Dolichos glutinosus Roxb., Dolichos tomentosus Roth, Glycine viscosa Roth, Rhynchosia grevei Drake, Rhynchosia sericophylla Kunze, Rhynchosia villosula Thwaites, Rhynchosia viscosa subsp. viscosa, Rhynchosia viscosa var. viscosa

Chinese: 粘鹿藿
French: Rhynchosie visqueuse

Description: Woody twiners; stems glandular pubescent. Leaf 3-foliolate, petiole 5-10 cm long, terminal leaflet 5-7.5 cm long and broad, rhomboid or suborbicular; the lateral leaflets very oblique, pubescent on boths sides, gland dotted on the lower side. Flowers yellow with purple streaks, 1.5-2cm across, in 20-30 cm long axillary racemes. Calyx  campanulate, glandular pubescent. Corolla yellow, papilionoid, standard obovate, streaked red, pubescent and glandular at the back, wings and keels subequal, inflexed. Stamens (9)+1, vexillary stamen free; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile; ovules 2; style curved. Pod 2.5-3 × 0.8 cm, glandular, falcate, with persistent style; 2-seeded.

Habitat & location: Rare. Found in the hillside area. Andhra Pradesh, India.

Uses: Leaf juice drunk during parturiency. Plant abortifacient. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]
Used in skin diseases in Africa. [Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, Second Edition]

Published article on Rhynchosia viscosa

Sunday, December 25, 2016

Cycas revoluta, Fern Palm, Cycas du Japon, 소철 (식물), Саговник поникающий, madanagameswari, thuen tú ê, അലങ്കാരപ്പന


Cycas revoluta Thunb.

Family: Cycadaceae

Synonyms: Cycas inermis Oudem., Cycas miquelii Warb., Cycas revoluta var. revoluta, Epicycas miquelii (Warb.) de Laub.
  • English: Fern Palm, Sago Cycad, sago palm
  • Arabic: سيكاد ملتف
  • Bislama: Natanggura
  • Catalan: Ciques
  • Chinese: 琉球苏铁
  • Finnish: Japaninkruunukavykki
  • French: Rameau, Cycas du Japon
  • Italian: Cycas revoluta Japan sikasi
  • Japanese: sotetsu
  • Korean: 소철 (식물)
  • Malayalam: അലങ്കാരപ്പന
  • Marathi: सॅगो पाम
  • Norwegian: Sagopalme
  • Russian: Саговник поникающий
  • Tamil: madanagameswari
  • Thai: pron-tha-le, สาคู (ปรง)
  • Turkish: sago hurma ag
  • Vietnamese: thuen tú ê 
  • Malay: saikas
  • Okinawa: sutichi
  • Philippines: oliva
Description: Tree, Shrub, Evergreen, Dioecious, Habit erect, Trees without or rarely having knees, Tree with bark rough or scaly, Tree with bark shaggy or peeling, Young shoots in flat sprays, Buds not resinous, Leaves broad, Leaves pinnate, Leaves palm-like, Leaves whorled, Non-needle-like leaf margins entire, Non-needle-like leaf margins dentate or serrate, Leaf apex acute, Leaf apex mucronulate, Leaf apex spine tipped or with a differentiated and very sharp tip, Leaves > 5 cm long, Leaves > 10 cm long, Leaves not blue-green, Leaf bases becoming gray and shredded with age, Scale leaves without raised glands, Twigs glabrous, Twigs not viscid, Twigs without peg-like projections or large fascicles after needles fall, Berry-like cones orange, Berry-like cones copper, Woody seed cones > 5 cm long, Bracts of seed cone included, Seeds red, Seeds wingless.
Used in Sidha. Fleshy seeds, leaves, unprocessed flour from stem pith are dangerous, toxic if large quantities eaten. Seeds poisonous, this plant causes toxicity in sheep and cattle. Bark boiled in water used to wash burns. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Clinical Findings: Acute ingestion of large amounts produces nausea, vomiting, and abdominal cramping, and diarrhea may be profound. Chronic consumption of BMAA, either directly or by eating flying foxes that have bioaccumulated  the  toxin  by  eating  the  seeds, is  associated  with  a  neurodegenerative disorder that is similar to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.

Management: If severe gastrointestinal symptoms occur, intravenous hydration, antiemetics, and electrolyte replacement may be necessary, particularly in children. The  progressive  neurologic  disease  does  not  have  any  known  therapy. Consultation with a Poison Control Center should be considered. See “Poisoning by Plants with Gastrointestinal Toxins. [Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants, 2nd Ed]

Promotes blood circulation, anticancer, antiinflammatory, antitoxic, treats cough. [Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants: Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values]
 
200 Published articles of  Cycas revoluta

Saturday, December 10, 2016

Phyllanthus lawii


Phyllanthus lawii J.Graham
Family:  Phyllanthaceae

Synonyms: Diasperus lawii (J.Graham) Kuntze, Diasperus nemorum (Russell ex Müll.Arg.) Kuntze, Phyllanthus juniperinoides Müll.Arg., Phyllanthus nemorum Russell ex Müll.Arg., Phyllanthus polyphyllus Dalzell & A.Gibson, Phyllanthus spinulosus B.Heyne ex Wall.

Description: Shrubs, or small trees, 2-3 m tall. Bark smooth and brown. Foliar branches 4-8 cm long, horizontal; short hooked spines are on either side of leafy branchlets. Leaves alternate; lamina 3-5 × 2-2.5 mm, distichous, overlapping, linear-oblong, rounded at the apex, often apiculate, base rounded or subcordate, subsessile; nerves obscure; stipules 1.2 mm long, purplish, lanceolate-subulate. Flowers white or pink, in axillary clusters and drooping on the adaxial side. Pedicels 3-6mm long. Sepals of male and female flowers 6; white, linear-oblong, obtuse in males; green with scaly margin, triangular, acute in female flowers. Stamens 3, the filaments united in a short column. Ovary 3 celled; styles 3, distinct, shortly and bluntly 2-fid, recurved. Capsules 4 mm in diameter, on a very short pedicel, globose, 6 angled, glabrous. Seeds 2-3 mm long, 3-gonous, rounded on the back, foveolate (Seed pits conspicuous).

Habitat & location: Found in hill side forests. Few plants are found at S.R.Puram- Porumamilla ghat.

As the images available with efi for Phyllanthus lawii and P.leischnaulti are not clear I am adding a few.

Published article of Phyllanthus lawii:
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