Nicotiana rustica L.
- Common name: Wild tobacco, Brazilan tobacco
- Hindi: तम्बाखू Tambakhu
- Kannada: naati hogesoppu
- Urdu: Tambaku sarti تمباکو سرتی
- Chinese: 小花烟
- Finnish: palturitupakka
- French: Tabac rustique
- Italian: tabacco brasile
- Russian: мацхорка
- German: Bauern-Tabak
Description: Herbs annual, 40-60(-120) cm tall, with viscid, glandular hairs. Petiole 5-15 cm; leaf blade ovate, oblong, or lanceolate, 10-30 cm, membranous, glandular hairy, base cordate or rounded. Inflorescences many-flowered, compact to lax panicles. Pedicel 3-7 mm. Calyx cup-shaped, 7-12 mm; lobes deltate, unequal. Corolla greenish yellow, tubular; tube 1.2-2 cm; limb ca. 4 mm in diam.; lobes short, obtuse, apiculate. Stamens unequal. Capsules subglobose, 1-1.6 cm. Seeds brown, oblong, ca. 1 mm. Fl. Jul-Aug.
Used for tobacco and as an insecticide, topical analgesic, anesthetic, narcotic, sedative, emetic; plant decoction as a wash against poison. Ritual, bright green leaves powder rubbed on the skin, over the forearm, temples, stomach, legs, for a ritual cleansing. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]
N. tabacum infusions in enemas as a home remedy, from the cutaneous absorption of the alkaloid during commercial tobacco harvesting, or from the ingestion of cigarettes or puriﬁed nicotine. Initial gastrointestinal symptoms may be followed by those typical of nicotine poisoning; these include hypertension, large pupils, sweating, and perhaps seizures. Severe poisoning produces coma, weakness, and paralysis that may result in death from respiratory failure. [Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants, 2nd Ed]
Nicotiana rustica is known as Kalakatiyaa or Vﬁlaayati tobacco. Its nicotine content is high and is not suitable for cigarettes, cigars or bidis. Different variants of this tobacco are used for hookah, chewing and snuﬀ. [Indian Medicinal Plants an Illustrated Dictionary]
690 Published articles of Nicotiana rustica