Showing posts with label Daucus carota. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Daucus carota. Show all posts

Sunday, September 20, 2015

Daucus carota, Carrot, Gajar, Zanahoria, dang-geun,



Daucus carota subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Deutschl.
Family: Apiaceae
  • Common name: Carrot
  • Bengali: গাজর
  • Bulgarian: морков- morkov
  • Burmese: monelaro ne
  • Danish: gulerod
  • German: Karotte
  • Gujarati: ગાજર Gajar
  • Hindi - गाजर Gajar
  • Japanese: ニンジン Ninjin
  • Kannada - ಕ್ಯಾರೆಟ್
  • Korean: 당근 - dang-geun
  • Malay: lobak merah
  • Malayalam: കാരറ്റ്
  • Manipuri - গাজর Gajar
  • Marathi - Gajar
  • Punjabi: ਗਾਜਰ
  • Sanskrit - dindiramodaka, gajara, gajida, garijara 
  • Sinhala: කැරට් - kaæraṭa
  • Spanish: Zanahoria
  • Tamil - கேரட்
  • Telugu - గాజరగడ్డ gajjara-gedda, carrot
  • Thai: แครอท - Khærxth
  • Urdu -  Gajar  گاجر
The domesticated carrot (Daucus carota sativus) is easily recognized by its highly pigmented, fleshy, edible, brittle roots. 

Stimulant and diuretic; herb, root, flowers and seeds possessing similar properties; the seed, however, contains some amount of carminative property not possessed by the other portions of the plant. The entire plant is generally used, as a whole, without discrimination between its different parts. It may be given in decoction or infusion. As a diuretic it is highly valued, and it receives considerable employment in gravel, stone, stricture, and similar obstructions of the bladder and urinary passages. In all obstructions of the urinary organs it is most successfully employed, both in its individual capacity and in combination with other agents; it cleanses and imparts tone to the kidneys and bladder, removing foreign substances, and inducing, where necessary, copious urinary evacuation. It would appear capable also as a successful employment in mucous discharges from the bladder, resulting from debility of that organ in particular, or from a debilitated condition of the system generally. In stricture it is of exceptional service, being employed for this indication to the greatest advantage; it is perhaps, in most cases of stricture; to he preferred in combination with an agent similar in its properties to itself; a combination in frequent use is carrot and peIlitory-of-the-wall, an equal quantity of each being employed; this offers a good medicine in urinary calculus and gravel, and in all kidney and urinary difficulties, but in stricture  and retention of urine it is most admirable remedy. .Carrot is well adapted, in all indications for a combined stimulant and diuretic impression, its action so far from being confined to the local complaints for which, it is primarily exhibited, being observed upon the stomach, removing coldness and flatulence, and exerting a general stimulating influence upon the whole organism, but being nowhere noticeable in such degree as in the region of the kidneys. It is especially useful in those cases in which the least movement of the back, as in stooping, is accomplished only with severe pain, a condition produced by over-exertion in lifting, walking, from falls, bruises, or other undue exertion or accident involving that part of the body. [Botanic Pharmacopoeia]

Used in Ayurveda, Unani and Sidha. Roots tonic, diuretic,  stimulant,  deobstruent,  used  against  tapeworm,  to  treat  dropsy, chronic kidney diseases, dysentery, flatulence; root  juice given for night blindness. Leaves chewed for relieving  toothache.  Seed  decoction  given  for  menstrual  disorders.  Blossoms infusion taken for diabetes. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

Traditional Uses: The root of zanahoria is used medicinally for its refreshing or cooling properties
(fresca) and may be indicated for illnesses associated with excess heat in the body. For treating diabetes,
the fresh root is grated with onion (cebolla) to make a juice (zumito) and taken in the amount of 1 cup, 3
times per day. For anemia, including severe and chronic anemia (sangre débil) and possibly also sickle
cell anemia, the fresh root of zanahoria is combined with beet (remolacha) root. Variations on this recipe
for fortifying the blood include alternating every other day between adding the following to this mixture:
fresh sweet orange (naranja) fruit juice one day and milk (leche) the next to make a drink that is taken as
needed. Another remedy for chronic anemia includes the raw vegetable juice of zanahoria, beet
(remolacha) and watercress (berro). The fresh juice or cooked vegetable is also taken for vision problems
and to improve eyesight. [Dominican Medicinal Plants: A Guide for Health Care Providers]

carrot is stated to possess diuretic, antilithic, and carminative properties. Traditionally, it has been used for urinary calculus, lithuria, cystitis, gout, and specifically for urinary gravel or calculus. [Herbal Medicines 3rd Ed]

Roasted roots—prescribed in palpitation, burning micturation, cough and bronchitis. Carrot increases the quantity of urine and helps the elimination of uric acid; also lowers blood sugar. Juice—a rich source of carotene. Seeds—diuretic, emmenagogue, spasmolytic (prescribed in anuria and sexual debility). Wild carrot— diuretic and antilithic (used for kidney stones, cystitis and in gout). Seeds—emmenagogue. Also used for hot flushes of the menopause. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]

Ascariasis,oxyuriasis,taeniasis,abdominal  pain Parasitosis,  Malnutrition  and  retention  of  undigested  food, Cough, Chronic dysentery. [International Collation of Traditional and Folk Medicine Vol-4]

Algeria:  Hot  water  extract  of  the  seed, mixed with Euphorbia species and a beetle, is taken orally to facilitate childbirth. Arabic countries. The dried seeds are used as an abortifacient in the form of a pessary in Unani medicine. Belgium.  Dried  root  is  taken  orally  for diabetes. Brazil: Water extract of the dried root is taken  orally  as  a  nerve  tonic  and  stimu- lant. Canary Islands: Infusion of the dried aerial parts is taken orally for cystitis. China: Decoction of the seed is taken orally as an emmenagogue. Root juice is taken orally for cancer of the stomach, bowel, and uterus, and for ulcers. Egypt: Hot water extract of the fruit is taken orally to facilitate pregnancy and as an emmenagogue,  aphrodisiac,  diuretic,  and antispasmodic. Hot water extract of the dried fruit is taken orally as a diuretic and for urinary colic. England: Hot water extract of the root and seed  are  taken  orally  to  induce  the  men- strual cycle. Europe: Decoction of the dried leaf is taken orally for diabetes mellitus. Hot water extract  of  the  root  is  taken  orally  as  an emmenagogue  and  anthelmintic. Hot water extract of the seed is taken orally to induce menstruation. Fiji: Fresh leaf juice is used as a nose drop for headache. Fresh root is taken orally for heart diseases. France:  Hot  water  extract  of  the  fruit  is taken orally as an emmenagogue. Greece.  Infusion  of  the  dried  flowers  is taken  orally  as  a  tonic  and  to  relieve sluggishness. India: Decoction of the fresh root is taken orally for jaundice and inflammation, as an anthelmintic, and externally for leprosy. Dried seeds are mixed with crude sugar and eaten to terminate early pregnancy. Hot water extract of the dried root is taken orally as a tonic, expectorant, diuretic, stomachic, and liver cleanser. Hot water extract of the leaf is taken orally as a uterine stimulant during parturition. Hot water extract of the seed is taken orally as an abortifacient, emmenagogue,  and  aphrodisiac.  The dried  seeds  are  used  as  a  powerful  abortifacient. The root is taken orally as a hy- potensive medication. Iran.  Water  extract  of  the  fruit  is  taken orally as an emmenagogue. Italy:  Decoction  of  the  root  is  used  as  a gargle for loss of speech. Root juice is taken orally as an anthelmintic and cicatrizing agent, for leukorrhea, and to improve sight. The fresh root is used externally for  dermatitis  and  burns.  The  fresh  root juice is taken orally for loss of voice and persistent coughs, and the decoction is taken orally  for  diuresis.  The  root  is  taken orally as a diuretic and a digestive and to treat uricemia and constipation. Kuwait: The seeds are taken orally as an emmenagogue. Madeira.  Infusion  of  the  entire  plant  is taken orally for jaundice. Mexico. Hot water extract of the fresh root is  taken  orally  as  a  cardiotonic.  The flowers or root, boiled together with Cassia fistula  and  “Rosa  de  Castilla,”  are  taken orally before breakfast to induce abortion. To correct delayed menstruation, the liquid is taken daily for 40 days. Morocco. The fruit is taken orally for urinary tract infections. New  Caledonia.  Infusion  of  the  fruit  is taken orally as an emmenagogue. Pakistan. Hot water extracts of the leaf and seed  are  taken  orally  as  stimulants  of  the uterus during parturition. Peru. Hot water extracts of the dried root and dried aerial parts are taken orally as a carminative,  emmenagogue,  and  vermifuge  Philippine: Hot water extract of the leaf is taken orally as a stimulant of the uterus during parturition. Rodrigues Islands. Decoction of the entire plant is taken orally for gout, jaundice, and mouth ulcers. South Korea: Hot water extract of the dried fruit is taken orally as an abortifacient and emmenagogue. Tunisia:  Dried  leaf  is  used  externally  for chilblains. Turkey: The seed, ground with the seeds of Brassica rapa and Raphanus sativus, is taken orally as a tonic. United  States.  Hot  water  extract  of  the fruit is taken orally to stimulate menstruation. Hot water extract of the seed is taken orally as an emmenagogue. Seeds are  taken  orally  as  an  emmenagogue,  diuretic, and abortifacient. The fresh root is taken orally for general nervousness, and the hot water extract is taken orally as a di- uretic in dropsy and as a tonic. Hot water extract of the dried root and seed is taken orally  as  a  carminative,  diuretic,  and stimulant. [Medicinal Plants of the World Vol-3]

197 Published articles of Daucus carota
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