Showing posts with label Abutilon indicum. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Abutilon indicum. Show all posts

Wednesday, August 12, 2015

Abutilon indicum, Atibala, Tutturabenda, Kanghi, Indische Samtpappel


Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet
Family: Malvaceae
  • Common name: Indian Mallow, Country Mallow, Abutilon, Indian abutilon
  • Arabic: أبو طيلون هندي
  • Bengali: দেশি পেটারি
  • Chinese: 磨龙子
  • French: Marie l'Hôpital
  • German: Indische Samtpappel
  • Hindi: कंघी Kanghi
  • Kannada: Tutti
  • Malayalam: വെല്ലുരമ് Velluram
  • Marathi: पेटारी Petari
  • Oriya: ପେଡ଼ିପେଡ଼ିକା
  • Sanskrit: अतिबल atibala
  • Tamil: Paniyaratutti, துத்திக்கீரை Thuttikeerai
  • Telugu: తుత్తురుబెండ Tutturabenda
  • Thai: ครอบฟันสี
  • Vietnamese: Cây cối xay

Description: Undershrub to shrub, ½ to c. 3 m tall, stellate pubescent, intermingled with small, simple, spreading hairs atleast on the young parts. Branches usually green sometimes purplish. Leaves 2-18.5 cm long, 1.5-16 cm broad, cordate at base, acute to long acuminate at apex, serrate to crenate, 7-9-nerved, sometimes 3-angular, stellate pubescent, velutinous and cinereous on both sides, sometimes green above, petiole 2 to 18 cm long, stellate pubescent mixed with sparse, weak, simple, spreading hairs; stipule linear, 2-5 mm long. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicel 1.5-8 cm long, jointed near the apex. Calyx 7-11 mm long, not or slightly accresent in fruit, ultimately reflexed, fused at the base or nearly to the middle, pubescent on both sides; lobes lanceolate to ovate, acute to acuminate, 4-5 mm broad. Corolla orange-yellow or yellow, 2.5-3.5 cm across; petals obovate, 1-1.5 cm long and broad, claw hairy on the margin. Staminal column 5-7 mm long, stellate pubescent. Fruit. cylindric truncate, 1.5-2 cm across, stellate pubescent; mericarps (14-) 15-20, 10-18 mm long, 7-9 mm broad, acute or somewhat acuminate at the back, erect at maturity and not spreading stellately as in Abutilon ghafoorianum S.Abedin, dehisce after separating from the central axis.
Parts used leaves and seeds. Leucorrhoca and rheumatism [Compendia of World’s Medicinal Flora]

Used  in  Ayurveda,  Unani  and  Sidha.  Plant  used  for  abortion; fresh plant decoction taken orally in gonorrhea; ash of  the whole plant applied on burns. Bark astringent, diuretic.  Decoction of the root, with other ingredients, used in paralysis;  powdered  roots  in  fever,  epilepsy,  cough  and  leprosy.  Roots and leaves analgesic, in the treatment of flu, headache,  earache,  fever,  dysuria  and  metrorrhea;  leaves,  flowers  or  seeds decoction to treat fever, colic, for cleaning wounds and  ulcers. Root, leaves and seeds tonic for men. For curing piles,  seed powder taken orally with milk and sugar in the morning. Leaves demulcent, emollient and diuretic; leaf juice in  stomach troubles; leaf paste taken orally for stomachache and  for post-delivery complications, to get rid of leftover placenta  parts; fresh leaves paste applied on boils and piles; leaves and  seeds crushed with water and made into a paste applied externally  to  treat  syphilis.  Seeds  aphrodisiac,  demulcent,  laxative, in powdered form given in dysuria; seeds tied over the  joint to relieve pain. Veterinary medicine, leaves extract or  powdered leaves given for dysentery, diarrhea; leaves paste  applied to kill lice in goat; leaves given as anthelmintic; roots  of Ampelocissus tomentosa along with those of Abutilon indicum pounded and boiled and the decoction given for insect  bite; fruits of Zixiphus oenoplia along with leaves of Abutilon  indicum pounded and the extract given for dysentery. Magicoreligious beliefs, ceremonial, ritual, root offered followed by a  prayer. Contact therapy, roots tied to the waist of the pregnant  woman to prevent miscarriage, roots tied to the waist of the  delivering mother for safe and smooth delivery.) [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]

 The plant is traditionally used in India, Pakistan, China and the Philippines for treatment of several diseases  like  bronchitis,  body  ache,  toothache, jaundice,  diabetes,  fever,  piles,  leprosy,  ulcers, cystitis,  gonorrhoea,  diarrhoea,  asthma,  etc. [Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants Vol-8]

Paste  of  the  leaves  and  flowers  is  applied  externally  to  ulcers. [Herbal Cures: Traditional Approach]

Dried, whole plant— febrifuge, anthelmintic, demulcent, diuretic, anti-inflammatory (in urinary and uterine discharges, piles, lumbago). Juice of the plant— emollient. Seeds—demulcent (used in cough, chronic cystitis), laxative. Leaves—cooked and eaten for bleeding piles. Flowers— antibacterial, anti-inflammatory. Bark—astringent, diuretic. Root— nervine tonic, given in paralysis; also prescribed in strangury. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]

The roots and leaves are employed in the treatment of coryza, hyperthermia, headache, dysuria and metrorrhoea, in a daily dose of 4 to 8g of dried plant material in the form of a decoction. The juice of pounded fresh leaves and seeds internally applied is active on furunculosis, dysentery and snake-bite ; the residue is used for poultices. The dose of seeds is 8 to 12g per day. A combination with some other plants is prescribed for jaundice and certain post-partum diseases. [Medicinal Plants in Viet Nam]

Used in Flu, fever, diuretic, ringing in the ear, tuberculosis, epidemic parotitis [Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants: Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values]

157 Published articles of  Abutilon indicum
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